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Review of: Währung Hkd

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Währung Hkd

Aufgrund der jeweils angegebenen ganzen, runden Währungsbeträge können Sie sowohl von EUR nach HKD, also auch von HKD zu EUR umrechnen. Wandeln Sie Geld in Hong-Kong Dollar (HKD) nach und von ausländischen Währungen mit aktuellen Wechselkursen um. Der ISO-Code des Hongkong-Dollars ist HKD. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Geldpolitische Autorität; 2 Währungssystem; 3.

Länder mit dem Hong Kong Dollar

Wählen Sie "Währungen tauschen" um Hong-Kong Dollar zur Standard-Währung zu machen. Klicken Sie auf Hong-Kong Dollar oder Euro, um zwischen dieser. Wandeln Sie Geld in Hong-Kong Dollar (HKD) nach und von ausländischen Währungen mit aktuellen Wechselkursen um. Der aktuelle Euro/Hong Kong-Dollar Kurs | EUR/HKD - Währunsgrechner für den noch weitere Wechselkurse zu etwa internationalen Währungen an.

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Mengenal Mata Uang HKD (Hong Kong Dollar) dengan berbagai pecahannya

HKD – Hong Kong Dollar ($) Der Hongkong-Dollar ist die offizielle Währung Hongkongs. Er ist auf Platz 13 der weltweit am häufigst gehandelten Währungen. Der Währungscode ist HKD, das Währungssymbol ist $ oder HK$ – um es vom US-Dollar zu unterscheiden. Die beliebteste Tauschwährung ist der US-Dollar. Valeur la plus élevée: 1 HKD = HKD - Wednesday 4 November Valeur moyenne: 1 HKD = HKD Basse valeur: 1 HKD = HKD - Monday 12 October Kostenloser Währungsrechner oder Referenzkarte für Reisen mit täglich aktualisierten OANDA Rates®. Währungen über Interbank, Geldautomaten, Kreditkarten und Wechselbürokurse umtauschen. Der Hongkong-Dollar (Währungskürzel HKD) ist die offizielle Währung der chinesischen Sonderverwaltungszone Hongkong. Er wurde eingeführt und löste den Silberdollar als offizielle Währung ab. HKD - Hong Kong Dollar. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Hong Kong Dollar exchange rate is the HKD to USD rate. The currency code for Dollars is HKD, and the currency symbol is HK$. More Hong Kong Dollar info >.

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When Hong Kong was established as a free trading port in , there was no local currency in everyday circulation. Foreign currencies such as Indian rupees , Spanish and Mexican 8 reales , and Chinese cash coins circulated.

By , the British government gave up all attempts to influence the currency situation in Canada, and by the s it came to the same realisation in Hong Kong: that there was no point in trying to displace an already existing currency system.

In , the Royal Mint in London began issuing special subsidiary coinage for use in Hong Kong within the dollar system, though other national currencies circulated unofficially for years afterwards.

The machinery at the Hong Kong mint was sold first to Jardine Matheson and in turn to the Japanese and used to make the first Yen coins in In the s, banknotes of the new British colonial banks, the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation and the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China , denominated in dollars, also began to circulate in both Hong Kong and the wider region.

In , the international silver crisis resulted in a devaluation of silver against gold-based currencies. Since the silver dollars in the US and Canada were attached to a gold exchange standard, this meant that the silver dollars circulating along the China coast dropped in value as compared to the US dollar and the Canadian dollar.

By , the circumstances had changed to the extent that there was now a dearth of Mexican dollars and the authorities in both Hong Kong and the Straits Settlements were putting pressure on the authorities in London to take measures to have a regular supply of silver dollar coins.

London eventually acquiesced and legislation was enacted in attempts to regulate the coinage. In , the Straits Settlements issued their own silver dollar coin and attached it to a gold sterling exchange standard at a fixed value of 2 shillings and 4 pence.

This was the point of departure as between the Hong Kong unit and the Straits unit. In British Weihaiwei , the Hong Kong dollar circulated jointly with the Chinese yuan from to , when Weihaiwei was returned to the Republic of China.

By , only Hong Kong and China remained on the silver standard. It was from this point in time that the concept of a Hong Kong dollar as a distinct unit of currency came into existence.

The One-Dollar Currency Note Ordinance of that year led to the introduction of one-dollar notes by the government and the government acknowledged the Hong Kong dollar as the local monetary unit.

It was not until that the legal tender of Hong Kong was finally unified. The discussion about switching from the silver standard to the gold standard began as early as A commission report was released in May It concluded that it was important for Hong Kong to facilitate free flow of capital with China and the same monetary standard was thus preferred.

The report also recommended the Hong Kong Government only to take over the burden of note issuance when the banks failed to do so. Actually, the Hong Kong Government was not willing to take up the logistics of note issuance, and some officials even thought that the public had greater degree of confidence in the notes issued by those long-established banks than that by the government.

During the Japanese occupation , the Japanese military yen were the only means of everyday exchange in Hong Kong. The yen became the only legal tender on 1 June On 6 September , all military yen notes used in Japanese colonies were declared void by the Japanese Ministry of Finance.

After the end of the Second World War, Hong Kong dollar was re-pegged to sterling at a fixed rate identical to the pre-war level.

It imposed exchange controls on non-sterling area countries, barring them from freely converting British pounds into US dollars, but no such restriction was placed on sterling area countries.

As a colony of the British Empire, Hong Kong was obliged to observe the sterling area regulations. Nevertheless, its unique geo-economic position afforded Hong Kong the ability to defy exchange controls by operating a dual system with the sterling area and a free exchange market principally with the US dollar, which was technically illegal from to In the s, the UK found it difficult to keep the value of sterling as it was, with its role as official reserve currency even within the sterling area.

Considering the potential diversification of official reserves from sterling to the US dollars by the Hong Kong government officials, London agreed to offer exchange guarantees to protect Hong Kong against potential devaluation of sterling in the future, which was the first to receive such guarantees among the sterling area countries.

After the US's cessation of the convertibility between gold and the US dollar in October , Britain abandoned the fixed exchange rate with the US dollar and extended the exchange controls also to the Sterling Area countries, which put an effective end to the Sterling Area in Since , the Hong Kong dollar was no longer anchored in another currency, which officially changed the monetary regime from currency board system to a floating currency system.

The peg of Hong Kong dollar to the US dollar in actually took place in the context of Sino-British negotiation regarding the future of Hong Kong after Public panic set in and there were runs on foodstuff on this Black Saturday In political terms, the government did not want to set the rate too weak so as to warrant international allegations of currency manipulation for competitive advantages, or too strong a rate that would result in high interest rates and the eventual abandonment of the rate.

John Bremridge was once quoted saying that the rate was somewhat "a number off the air", but the most important thing was the restoration of public confidence in Hong Kong dollar with the peg amidst the crisis.

Financially, the currency peg was designed not to require the Bank of England to lend its reserves to maintain Hong Kong's currency peg.

Politically, the currency board system well demonstrated the autonomy London has given to Hong Kong in economic policymaking amidst British negotiation with China to grant Hong Kong's higher autonomy after Currency in Hong Kong is issued by the government and three local banks HSBC , Bank of China and Standard Chartered under the supervision of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority , which was an semi-independent public body established in the early s to regulate banks and manage exchange funds and serves until now the territory's de facto " central bank ".

A bank can issue a Hong Kong dollar only if it has the equivalent exchange in US dollars on deposit. The currency board system ensures that Hong Kong's entire monetary base is backed with US dollars at the linked exchange rate.

The resources for the backing are kept in Hong Kong's exchange fund , which is among the largest official reserves in the world.

He acknowledged the heavy and direct influence of the Federal Reserve of the United States on Hong Kong's monetary policy under the currency peg, but argued that "It was Hong Kong's choice, and we do not require any permission from Washington or New York to continue or discontinue it".

The lower limit has been lowered from 7. A further aim of allowing the Hong Kong dollar to trade in a range is to avoid the HK dollar being used as a proxy for speculative bets on a renminbi revaluation.

Some of these terms are also used by overseas Chinese to refer their local currency. A slang term in English sometimes used for the Hong Kong dollar is "Honkie".

The 1-mil and 1-cent were struck in bronze, with the 1 mil a holed coin. The remaining coins were struck in silver. Production of the 1-mil ended in , whilst that of the half-dollar and 1-dollar ceased in , with only the half-dollar now with the denomination given as 50 cents resuming production in Production of all silver coins was suspended in , only briefly resumed in and for the production of 5-cent coins.

In , the last 1-cent coins were issued, but the last minting was These were not issued because the Japanese sank a ship carrying 1-cent coins bound for Hong Kong in the Second World War.

The following year , cupro-nickel 5 and 10 cents were introduced, replaced by nickel in and nickel-brass between and Copper-nickel 50 cents were issued in and first bore the name "fifty cents" in both Chinese and English, but these were changed to nickel-brass in In , cupro-nickel 1-dollar coins were introduced, these were then reduced in size in They were followed in by nickel-brass 20 cents and cupro-nickel 2-dollar both scallop shaped , and in by decagonal , cupro-nickel 5-dollar coin, changed to a round thicker shape in The 5-cent coin was last issued in , but last struck in In , a bimetallic dollar coin was introduced.

Most of the notes and coins in circulations feature Hong Kong's Bauhinia flower or other symbols. Coins with the Queen's portrait are still legal tender and can be seen, but these are slowly being phased out.

However, most still remain in legal tender and are in circulation. Because the redesign was highly sensitive with regard to political and economic reasons, the designing process of the new coins could not be entrusted to an artist but was undertaken by Joseph Yam , Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority , himself who found in the Bauhinia the requested "politically neutral design" and did a secret "scissors and paste job".

In early , to commemorate Hong Kong's transfer of sovereignty from Britain to the PRC , the government issued a new commemorative coin set which depicted Chinese cultural themes and Hong Kong's landmarks and 19 and 97, marking the year , on each side of the designs.

Under licence from the HKMA, three commercial banks issue their own banknotes for general circulation in the region. Notes are also issued by the HKMA itself.

In most countries of the world the issue of banknotes is handled exclusively by a single central bank or government.

The arrangements in Hong Kong are unusual but not unique; a comparable system is used in the United Kingdom , where seven banks issue banknotes.

In , the first private bank, the Oriental Bank , was founded. Denominations issued in the s and s included 1, 5, 10, 25, 50, and dollars.

These notes were not accepted by the Treasury for payment of government dues and taxes , although they were accepted for use by merchants. Under the Currency Ordinance of , banknotes in denominations of 5 dollars and above issued by the three authorised local banks, the Mercantile Bank of India Limited, the Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China and the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, were all declared legal tender.

The government took over production of 1 dollar notes. In , the government introduced notes for 1, 5 and 10 cents due to the difficulty of transporting coins to Hong Kong caused by the Second World War a ship carrying 1-cent coins was sunk, making this unissued coin very rare.

Just before the Japanese occupation, an emergency issue of 1 dollar notes was made consisting of overprinted Bank of China 5 yuan notes.

In , paper money production resumed essentially unaltered from before the war, with the government issuing 1, 5 and 10 cents, and 1-dollar notes, and the three banks issuing 5, 10, 50, and dollar notes.

In , the 5-dollar notes were replaced by a coin, whilst 1,dollar notes were introduced in In , dollar notes were introduced, whilst, in , a dollar coin was introduced and the banks stopped issuing 10 dollar notes.

After a less-than-successful trial from to to move the dollar denomination from the banknote format issued by the banks to the coin format Government-issued , 10 dollar banknotes are currently the only denomination issued by the HKMA, having acquired the note printing plant at Tai Po from the De La Rue Group of the UK on behalf of the Government.

The older dollar banknotes are, although rare and being phased out, still circulating. A commemorative polymer ten dollar note was issued in July to commemorate the 10th anniversary of Hong Kong's return to China.

A new series of banknotes was issued starting in When the market rate is below 7. The same mechanism also works when the market rate is above 7. Following the Internationalization of the renminbi and the inclusion of the Renminbi in the special drawing rights , there has been debates to peg the Hong Kong dollar with the Renminbi, instead of the United States dollar.

Moreover, according to figures from the HKMA as of the end of , Renminbi deposits and certificates of deposits stood at 1. However, in January , the volatility in the Renminbi and China's financial markets expanded to Hong Kong's markets and its currency.

In response to the market speculation, Hong Kong Monetary Authority said on 27 January that the regulator will protect Hong Kong dollar's linked exchange rate regime.

Yet, many investors no longer consider Hong Kong as a safe haven as they once had given increasing financial influence by mainland China.

As Hong Kong's financial markets are highly impacted by mainland China, the Renminbi exchange rate as well as China's equity market remain in a state of high volatility and continues to weigh on Hong Kong markets and the Hong Kong dollar.

The rate has been moving to 7. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the airport in Japan, see Hakodate Airport.

Main article: Coins of the Hong Kong dollar. Main article: Banknotes of the Hong Kong dollar. Main article: Linked exchange rate system in Hong Kong.

The percentages above are the percent of trades involving that currency regardless of whether it is bought or sold, e. Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department.

Archived from the original on 16 June

HKD – Hong Kong Dollar ($) Der Hongkong-Dollar ist die offizielle Währung Hongkongs. Er ist auf Platz 13 der weltweit am häufigst gehandelten Währungen. Der Währungscode ist HKD, das Währungssymbol ist $ oder HK$ – um es vom US-Dollar zu unterscheiden. Die beliebteste Tauschwährung ist . The European Central Bank (ECB) is the central bank of the 19 European Union countries which have adopted the euro. Our main task is to maintain price stability in the euro area and so preserve the purchasing power of the single currency. 12/5/ · 1 HKD. EUR. 1 EUR = HKD. 1 HKD = EUR. Hong Kong Dollar to Euro Conversion. Last updated: UTC. All figures are live mid-market rates, which are not available to consumers and are for informational purposes only.
Währung Hkd
Währung Hkd
Währung Hkd

Währung Hkd
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